Quilting involves terminology peculiar to the craft. Once you understand the vocabulary, you will pick up the necessary skills more quickly. This list is not exhaustive, but it should give you a good start. The entries will probably grow over time.
Appliqué: to stitch by hand or machine shapes or motifs onto a background fabric or square.
Binding: fabric strips used for the finished edge of a quilt, encasing the raw edges and batting. Binding strips can be cut on the straight-of-grain or bias. The can be single or double fold.
Quilt Block: the basic unit of most quilts. A block can be cut from one piece of fabric or multiple fabrics that are stitched together to form a patterned block. Blocks are then sewn together to form the quilt top.
Border: strips of fabric or blocks that frame a quilt, much like a mat frames a pictures.
Backing: the third or bottom layer of a quilt. Sometimes called the quilt lining, this layer is usually one length of fabric on small quilts or sewn panels on larger quilts.
Bearding: the migration of batting fibers through the surface of the quilt.
Mitered Corner: two fabrics that join to make a 45 degree angle. Mitered corners are often used with quilt borders.
Piecing: the sewing of two fabric units or blocks together usually with a ¼-inch seam.
Quilting: the stitches that bind the three layers of a quilt together. This can be done by hand or machine.
Quilt Motif: a design used to enhance the quilt top, forming a secondary pattern on the surface of the quilt.
Quilt Sandwich: the three layers of a quilt , i.e., quilt top, batting, backing.
Quilt Top: the surface layer of a quilt. Quilt tops can be pieced, appliquéd, solid, embroidered, etc. They can also include borders and sashing.
Sashing: strips of fabric sewn between blocks that form a lattice design. Sashing is sometimes used to increase the size of a quilt.
Seam Allowance: traditionally a scant ¼-inch for piecing quilt tops.
Settings: how blocks or units are arranged–horizontally, diagonally, or randomly.
Stitch-in-the-Ditch: a method of quilting where stitches are sewn in the seam line.
Templates: shapes used for cutting fabric pieces. Templates are usually made of a durable material that can be used repeatedly.
Tie: securing the three layers of the quilt sandwich with heavy threads, yarn, or ribbon.
Walking Foot: an accessory for your sewing machine that evenly feeds layers of fabric as you sew.